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The beta 2-adrenergic agonist salbutamol potentiates oral induction of tolerance, suppressing adjuvant arthritis and antigen-specific immunity.
Cobelens, Pieter M
Kavelaars, Annemieke
Vroon, Anne
Ringeling, Marion
van der Zee, Ruurd
van Eden, Willem
Heijnen, Cobi J
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2002 Nov 01;169: 5028-35

Therapeutic protocols for treating autoimmune diseases by feeding autoantigens during the disease process have not been very successful to date. In vitro it has been shown that beta-adrenergic agonists inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokine production and up-regulate anti-inflammatory cytokine production. We hypothesized that the protective effect of oral administration of Ag would be enhanced by oral coadministration of the beta(2)-adrenergic agonist salbutamol. Here we demonstrate that oral administration of salbutamol in combination with the Ag mycobacterial 65-kDa heat shock protein increased the efficacy of disease-suppressive tolerance induction in rat adjuvant arthritis. To study the mechanism of salbutamol in more detail, we also tested oral administration of salbutamol in an OVA tolerance model in BALB/c mice. Oral coadministration of OVA/salbutamol after immunization with OVA efficiently suppressed both cellular and humoral responses to OVA. Coadministration of salbutamol was associated with an immediate increase in IL-10, TGF-beta, and IL-1R antagonist in the intestine. The tolerizing effect of salbutamol/OVA was maintained for at least 12 wk. At this time point IFN-gamma production in Ag-stimulated splenocytes was increased in the OVA/salbutamol-treated animals. In conclusion, salbutamol can be of great clinical benefit for the treatment of autoimmune diseases by promoting oral tolerance induction.

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