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Vitamin D3 Priming of Dendritic Cells Shifts Human Neutrophil-Dependent Th17 Cell Development to Regulatory T Cells.
Hafkamp, Florianne M J
Taanman-Kueter, Esther W M
van Capel, Toni M M
Kormelink, Tom Groot
de Jong, Esther C
Frontiers in immunology 2022;13: 872665

Vitamin D3 (VD3) is a potential adjuvant for use in tolerogenic vaccine formulations that target dendritic cells (DCs) for the treatment of chronic inflammatory disorders, e.g., autoimmune diseases. These disorders are often associated with enhanced activity of IL-17-producing T helper 17 (Th17) cells which develop in a DC-driven and neutrophil-dependent fashion. Here, we investigated the effect of VD3 on -specific human T-cell differentiation, since is a model pathogen for Th17 cell development. VD3 priming of DCs restricted neutrophil-dependent Th17 cell development and neutrophil-independent Th1 cell formation from naive CD4 T cells. In line with this, the production of Th1/Th17-polarizing cytokines IL-12 and IL-23 by DCs was reduced by VD3 priming. Development of both FoxP3CD127CD25 Tregs and IL-10-producing T cells was significantly enhanced in VD3-primed conditions, even in the presence of neutrophils. ICOS Tregs, major IL-10 producers, CD69FoxP3, and TIGITFoxP3 Tregs were significantly induced by VD3 priming as well. Our data support the potential use of VD3 as an adjuvant to induce tolerance in the treatment of autoimmune disorders, including those in which neutrophils are involved in pathogenesis, since we show that Treg development is enhanced by VD3 even in the presence of neutrophils, while Th17 cell development is restricted.

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