Reference Database

Induction of M-MDSCs with IL6/GM-CSF from adherence monocytes and inhibition by WP1066.
Hu, Hao
Xiang, Yuan
Li, Ting
Yu, Qi-Ying
Gu, Li-Xing
Liao, Xing-Hua
Zhang, Tong-Cun
Exp Ther Med 2022 Jul;24(1): 487

Peripheral blood monocytes acquire the phenotype of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) by induction of cytokine or co-culture with cancer cells and are widely used to model MDSCs for studies. However, the simplest method of plastic adhesive sorting is poorly described as the purity of monocyte resulting from this method is the lowest compared with flow cytometry cell-sorting and magnetic beads sorting. Therefore, the present study aimed at investigating the effect of the plastic adhesive monocyte isolation techniques on the resulting MDSCs phenotype. Monocytes were allowed to adhere for 1 h and cultured with IL6 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factors (GM-CSF) for 7 days. Plastic adhesion sorting resulted in early low monocyte yield and purity, but high purity of MDSCs was obtained by refreshing the induction medium. The resulting MDSCs were the major subpopulation of CD33CD11bCD14CD15human leukocyte antigen (HLA) cells and provided the potent capacity to suppress T cell proliferation and cytokine IFN-γ production. Moreover, the induced MDSCs were inhibited by STAT3 inhibitor WP1066, resulting in downregulation of phosphorylated-STAT3 and PD-L1 expression and upregulation of apoptosis respectively. In conclusion, the present study described the generation of monocytic MDSCs from adherence monocytes and the inhibition of STAT3 inhibitor WP1066 on the induced MDSCs. The present study contributed to the development of a new clinical drug, WP1066 targeting MDSC.

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