Reference Database

Stimulation of both humoral and cellular immune responses to HIV-1 gp120 by interleukin-12 in Rhesus macaques.
van der Meide, Peter H
Villinger, Francois
Ansari, Aftab A
Groenestein, Reno J
de Labie, Miranda C D C
van den Hout, Yvon J M
Koornstra, Wim H
Bogers, Willy M J M
Heeney, Jonathan L
Vaccine 2002 May 22;20: 2296-302

The adjuvant effect of recombinant Rhesus macaque interleukin-12 (RhIL-12) on the induction of cellular and humoral immune responses elicited by the HIV-1 subunit vaccine protein gp120 in Rhesus macaques was examined. RhIL-12 in conjunction with gp120 was given at day 0, 28 and 84 intramuscularly. Coadministration resulted in an approximate 10-fold increase in plasma anti-gp120 antibody levels as compared to levels generated in control monkeys receiving gp120 alone. Potentiation of the humoral arm of the immune response was evident by both ELISA and an antiviral bioassay. In addition, RhIL-12 was found to produce a significant increase in gp120-specific proliferative responses and in the frequency of antigen-specific IFN-gamma and IL-2 producing T cells after restimulation of PBMC with gp120 in vitro indicating that RhIL-12 potentiates cell-mediated immune responses as well. A critical finding was that during the course of the study, RhIL-12 did not induce a neutralizing antibody response to the administered cytokine. The doses of RhIL-12 were well tolerated and no detectable adverse side-effects on hematopoietic and hepatic parameters were noted. The data revealed that IL-12, when coadministered intramuscularly, acts as a potent adjuvant which is able to enhance not only cellular but also humoral immune responses to gp120 in non-human primates and may have to be considered in future HIV vaccine strategies.

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