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A pilot study of multi-antigen stimulated cell therapy-I plus camrelizumab and apatinib in patients with advanced bone and soft-tissue sarcomas.
Zhou, Yan
Li, Mei
Zhang, Bing
Yang, Cheng
Wang, Yaling
Zheng, Shuier
Tang, Lina
Zhou, Chenliang
Qian, Guowei
Huang, Yujing
Yu, Wenxi
Li, Hongtao
Wang, Yonggang
He, Aina
Shen, Zan
Zhang, Jianjun
Li, Xiaoshuang
Yang, Qingcheng
Hu, Haiyan
Yao, Yang
BMC medicine 2023 Nov 29;21(1): 470

BACKGROUND: Cell-based  immunotherapy shows the therapeutic potential in sarcomas, in addition to angiogenesis-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI). Multi-antigen stimulated cell therapy-I (MASCT-I) technology is a sequential immune cell therapy for cancer, which composes of multiple antigen-loaded dendritic cell (DC) vaccines followed by the adoptive transfer of anti-tumor effector T-cells.

METHODS: In this phase 1 study, we assessed MASCT-I plus camrelizumab (an ICI against PD-1) and apatinib (a highly selective TKI targeting VEGFR2) in patients with unresectable recurrent or metastatic bone and soft-tissue sarcoma after at least one line of prior systemic therapy. One MASCT-I course consisted of 3 DC subcutaneous injections, followed by 3 active T cell infusions administered 18-27 days after each DC injection. In schedule-I group, 3 DC injections were administered with a 28-day interval in all courses; in schedule-II group, 3 DC injections were administered with a 7-day interval in the first course and with a 28-day interval thereafter. All patients received intravenous camrelizumab 200 mg every 3 weeks and oral apatinib 250 mg daily.

RESULTS: From October 30, 2019, to August 12, 2021, 19 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to schedule-I group (n = 9) and schedule-II group (n = 10). Of the 19 patients, 11 (57.9%) experienced grade 3 or 4 treatment-related adverse events. No treatment-related deaths occurred. Patients in schedule-II group showed similar objective response rate (ORR) with those in schedule-I group (30.0% versus 33.3%) but had higher disease control rate (DCR; 90.0% versus 44.4%) and longer median progression-free survival (PFS; 7.7 versus 4.0 months). For the 13 patients with soft-tissue sarcomas, the ORR was 30.8%, DCR was 76.9%, and median PFS was 12.9 months; for the 6 patients with osteosarcomas, the ORR was 33.3%, the DCR was 50.0%, and median PFS was 5.7 months.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, MASCT-I plus camrelizumab and apatinib was safe and showed encouraging efficacy in advanced bone and soft-tissue sarcoma, and schedule-II administration method was recommended.


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