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Differential serum cytokine levels are associated with cytokine gene polymorphisms in north Indians with active pulmonary tuberculosis.
Mangangcha, Irengbam Rocky
Jha, Pankaj
Arora, Komal
Mukerji, Mitali
Banavaliker, Jayant Nagesh
Indian Genome Variation Consortium
Brahmachari, Vani
Bose, Mridula
Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases 2011 Jul;11: 1015-22

Globally only 5-10% of people encountering Mycobacterium tuberculosis have a lifetime risk of active disease indicating a strong host genetic bias towards development of tuberculosis. In the current study we investigated genotype variants pertaining to five cytokine genes namely IFNG, TNFA, IL4, IL10 and IL12 in the north Indian population with active pulmonary tuberculosis (APTB) and correlated the serum cytokine levels with the corresponding genotypes. Twenty five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including six loci examined for the first time in tuberculosis were selected for genotyping in 108 patients with APTB from north India and 48 healthy regional controls (HC). Applying exclusion criteria 12 SNPs passed all the filters and were analysed further. The serum cytokine concentrations were measured by ELISA. Compared to HC mean serum IFN-γ, IL-12, IL-4, and IL-10 levels were higher in APTB (p = 0.3661, p = 0.0186, p = 0.003, p = 0.7, respectively). In contrast the mean serum TNF-α level was higher in HC (p = 0.007). Comparison of genotypes and serum levels of the corresponding cytokine genes reveal that though IFN-γ and IL-4 levels were higher in APTB the genotype variants showed no difference between HC and APTB. In contrast the genotypes of the selected rsIDs in the TNFA, IL12 and IL10 genes showed significant association with the varying serum levels of corresponding cytokines. The variant of the TNFA gene at rs3093662, the IL12 gene at rs3213094 and rs3212220 and the IL10 gene at rs3024498 did show a strong indication to be of relevance to the immunity to tuberculosis. To our knowledge this is the first report from this region relating genotypes and serum cytokine levels in north Indian population.

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